CSS height Property

The height property is used to set an element's height. This property does not include padding, borders, or margins. The height property can be specified by "px", "cm", "vh" or by percentages. The default value is "auto".

If the min-height and max-height properties are used, it will override the height property.

If height is set to one of the numeric values like (r)em, px or %, and if if the content doesn’t fit inside of the particular height, this will cause overflowing. The CSS overflow property specifies, how the container will deal with the overflowing.

Negative values are not accepted.

Initial Value auto
Applies to all elements
Inherited No.
Animatable Yes. Height is animatable.
Version CSS1
DOM Syntax object.style.height = "400px";

Syntax

height: auto | length | initial | inherit;

Example of the height property:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>The title of the document</title>
    <style>
      div {
      height: 60px;
      background-color: #1c87c9;
      color: #eee;
      }
      p {
      height: 30px;
      background-color: #8ebf42;
      color: #eee;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Height property example</h2>
    <div>The height of this div element is set to "60px".</div>
    <p>The height of this paragraph is set to "30px".</p>
  </body>
</html>

Result

Example of the height property with the HTML <image> tag:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>The title of the document</title>
    <style>
      body {background-color: #ccc;}
      .height-normal {height: auto;}
      .height-big {height: 100px;}
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Height property example</h2>
    <p>Here the height is set to "auto"</p>
    <img class="height-normal" src="/uploads/media/default/0001/01/003e5c463668d174ab70bea245c192d81901a4a6.png"><br>
    <hr>
    <p>The height for this image is defined as "100px".</p>
    <img class="height-big" src="/uploads/media/default/0001/01/003e5c463668d174ab70bea245c192d81901a4a6.png">
  </body>
</html>

Example of the height property with the "length" value:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>The title of the document</title>
    <style>
      .container {
      height: 50vh;
      border: 2px solid #1c87c9;
      padding: 5px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Height property example</h2>
    <div class="container">
      <p>Here the height is specified as "50vh".</p>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Example of the height property with all the values:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>The title of the document</title>
    <style>
      .red-container {
      height: 30vh;
      border: 2px solid #f45e30;
      color: #f45e30; 
      }
      .blue-container {
      height: 40%;
      width: 30%;
      border: 2px solid #1c87c9; 
      color: #1c87c9;
      margin-top: 20px;
      }
      .orange-container {
      height: 100px;
      border: 2px solid #f9fc35;
      color: #f9fc35;
      margin-top: 20px;
      }
      .green-container {
      height: auto;
      border: 2px solid #8ebf42;
      color: #8ebf42;
      margin-top: 20px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Height property example</h2>
    <div class="red-container">
      Height 30vh
      <div class="blue-container">
        Height 40%
      </div>
    </div>
    <div class="orange-container">
      Height 100px;
    </div>
    <div class="green-container">
      Height (auto)
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Values

Value Description
auto When we use this value, the browser calculates the original height of the image or box. This is the default value of this property.
length Defines the height with px, cm etc.
% Defines the height with percent.
initial Makes the property use its default value.
inherit Inherits the property from its parent element.

Browser support

1.0+ 12.0+ 1.0+ 1.0+ 7.0+

Practice Your Knowledge

Which of the following CSS properties override the height property?



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