CSS justify-items Property

The justify-items property defines the default justify-self for all child boxes, giving them all a default way of justifying each box along the appropriate axis.

The justify-items property has gained use with the introduction of Flexbox and Grid layouts, but is also applies to:

  • absolutely-positioned boxes
  • block-level boxes
  • static-position of absolutely positioned boxes
  • table cells
Initial Value legacy
Applies to All elements.
Inherited No.
Animatable No.
Version CSS3
DOM Syntax object.style.justifyItems = "start";

Syntax

justify-items: auto | normal | start | end | flex-start | flex-end | self-start | self-end | center | left | right | baseline | first baseline | last baseline | stretch | safe | unsafe | legacy | initial | inherit;

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style> 
      #example {
      display: grid;
      grid-template-columns: 1fr;
      grid-template-rows: 1fr 1fr 1fr;
      grid-gap: 5px;
      justify-items: start;
      background-color: #ccc;
      }
      #example > div {
      padding: 10px;
      font-size: 20px;
      color: white;
      width: 100px;
      height:50px;
      }
      .one {
      background-color: #1c87c9;
      }
      .two {
      background-color: #8ebf42;
      }
      .three {
      background-color: #666;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Justify-items property example</h2>
    <div id="example">
      <div class="one">1</div>
      <div class="two">2</div>
      <div class="three">3</div>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Another example with the "center" value:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style> 
      #example {
      display: grid;
      grid-template-columns: 1fr;
      grid-template-rows: 1fr 1fr 1fr;
      grid-gap: 5px;
      justify-items: center;
      background-color: #ccc;
      }
      #example > div {
      padding: 10px;
      font-size: 20px;
      color: white;
      width: 100px;
      height:50px;
      }
      .one {
      background-color: #1c87c9;
      }
      .two {
      background-color: #8ebf42;
      }
      .three {
      background-color: #666;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>Justify-items property example</h2>
    <div id="example">
      <div class="one">1</div>
      <div class="two">2</div>
      <div class="three">3</div>
    </div>
  </body>
</html>

Values

Value Description
auto If the box has no parent, or is absolutely positioned, the auto value represents normal.
normal The effect of this value depends on the layout mode:
  • In block-level layouts normal value behaves like start.
  • In absolutely-positioned layouts, this value behaves like start on replaced absolutely-positioned boxes, and a stretch on all other absolutely-positioned boxes.
  • In table cell layouts, this property is ignored.
  • In flexbox layouts, this property is ignored.
  • In grid layouts, this value behaves like stretch, except for boxes with an aspect ratio or an intrinsic sizes where it behaves like start.
start All elements are positioned against each other on the starting (left) edge of the container.
end All elements are positioned against each other on the ending (right) edge of the container.
flex-start Items are placed at the beginning of the container.
flex-end Items are placed at the end of the container.
self-start Item is allowed to place itself on the container edge based on its own starting side.
self-end Item is allowed to place itself on the container edge based on its own ending side.
center Items are positioned next to each other toward the center of the container.
left Items are placed next to each other toward the left side of the container. If the property’s axis is not parallel with the inline axis, this value behaves like end.
right Items are placed next to each other toward the right side of the container. If the property’s axis is not parallel with the inline axis, this value behaves like start.
baseline first-baseline last-baseline Aligns all elements within a group by matching up their alignment baselines.
stretch Stretch the element to both edges of the container vertically and horizontally to fit the container.
safe If the size of the item overflows the alignment container, the item is aligned as if the alignment mode is start.
unsafe Regardless of the item’s size and alignment container, the alignment value is honored.
legacy Makes the value inherited by the box descendants.
initial It makes the property use its default value.
inherit It inherits the property from its parents element.




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