CSS font-variant-caps Property

In CSS1 and CSS2, it was the font-variant property that specified small caps. But in CSS3, this property has become shorthand for CSS3 properties like font-variant-caps property. This property allows to select alternate glyphs for small, petite capitals and titling including many useful values like:

  • normal
  • small-caps
  • all-small-caps
  • petite-caps
  • all-petite-caps
  • unicase
  • titling-caps

When a given font involves capital letter glyphs that are of different size, the font-variant-caps property selects the most suitable ones. If small capital glyphs are not available they are rendered using uppercase glyphs.

The font-variant-caps property takes into account language-specific case mapping rules (e.g. in german (de), the ß may become ẞ (U+1E9E) in uppercase).

Initial Value normal
Applies to All elements. It also applies to ::first-letter and ::first-line.
Inherited Yes.
Animatable No.
Version CSS3
DOM Syntax object.style.fontVariantCaps = "petite-caps";


font-variant-caps: normal | small-caps | all-small-caps | petite-caps | all-petite-caps | unicase | titling-caps;

Example of the font-variant-caps property:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>The title of the document </title>
      .all-small-caps {
        font-variant-caps: all-small-caps;
        font-style: italic;
      .small-caps {
        font-variant-caps: small-caps;
        font-style: italic;
      .normal {
        font-variant-caps: normal;
        font-style: italic;
    <h2>Font-variant-caps property example</h2>
    <p class="all-small-caps">
      The font-variant-caps CSS property controls the use of alternate glyphs for capital letters.
    <p class="small-caps">Small caps!</p>
    <p class="normal">Normal caps!</p>


CSS font-variant-caps Property


Value Description
normal The use of alternate glyphs is not activated.
small-caps Allows to display small capitals. Small-caps glyphs use the form of uppercase letters, but are reduced to the size of lowercase letters.
all-small-caps Allows to display small capitals for upper and lowercase letters.
petite-caps Allows to display petite capitals.
all-petite-caps Allows to display petite capitals for upper and lowercase letters.
unicase Allows to display mixture of small capitals for uppercase letters with normal lowercase letters.
titling-caps Allows to display titling capitals.
initial It makes the property use its default value.
inherit It inherits the property from its parents element.

Browser support

chrome edge firefox safari opera
52.0+ 34.0+ 9.1+ 39.0+

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