HTML <body> Tag

The <body> tag defines a web page content (text, images, links, etc.). It is placed inside the <html> element, after the <head> element. In an HTML document, we can use only one <body> tag.

Commonly, a list of content-specific CSS classes is placed within the <body> element allowing JavaScript developers and designers to target pages easily. Even if these classes are not used, they won’t cause any problems.

Syntax

The <body> tag comes in pairs. The content is written between the opening (<body>) and closing (</body>) tags.

Example of the HTML <body> tag:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <p>Content of the document</p>
  </body>
</html>

Result

Example of the HTML <body> tag used with the CSS color and line-height properties:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style>
      body{
      color: #444444;
      line-height: 1.5;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>HTML body tag example</h1>
    <p>Lorem ipsum, or lipsum as it is sometimes known, is dummy text used in laying out print, graphic or web designs. The passage is attributed to an unknown typesetter in the 15th century who is thought to have scrambled parts of Cicero's De Finibus Bonorum et Malorum for use in a type specimen book.</p>
  </body>
</html>

Attributes

Attribute Value Description
alink color Defines the color of the active link.
Not used in HTML5.
background URL Defines the background image.
Not used in HTML5.
bgcolor color Defines the background color.
Not used in HTML5.
link color Defines the color of unvisited links.
Not used in HTML5.
text color Defines the color of the text in a document.
Not used in HTML5.
vlink color Defines the color of the visited link.
Not used in HTML5.

The <body> tag supports the Global Attributes and the Event Attributes.

How to style <body> tag?

Common properties to alter the visual weight/emphasis/size of text in <body> tag:

  • CSS font-style property sets the style of the font. normal | italic | oblique | initial | inherit.
  • CSS font-family property specifies a prioritized list of one or more font family names and/or generic family names for the selected element.
  • CSS font-size property sets the size of the font.
  • CSS font-weight property defines whether the font should be bold or thick.
  • CSS text-transform property controls text case and capitalization.
  • CSS text-decoration property specifies the decoration added to text, and is a shorthand property for text-decoration-line, text-decoration-color, text-decoration-style.

Coloring text in <body> tag:

  • CSS color property describes the color of the text content and text decorations.
  • CSS background-color property sets the background color of an element.

Text layout styles for <body> tag:

  • CSS text-indent property specifies the indentation of the first line in a text block.
  • CSS text-overflow property specifies how overflowed content that is not displayed should be signalled to the user.
  • CSS white-space property specifies how white-space inside an element is handled.
  • CSS word-break property specifies where the lines should be broken.

Other properties worth looking at for <body> tag:


Browser support



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