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HTML <nav> Tag

The <nav> tag is one of the HTML5 elements. It is used to define a block of navigation links, either within the current document or to other documents. Examples of navigation blocks are menus, tables of contents, and indexes.

One HTML document may contain several <nav> tags, for example, one for site navigation and one for intra-page navigation.

Note that not all links in the HTML document can be placed inside the <nav> element, it can only include major navigation blocks. For example, the <nav> tag is not placed in the <footer> tag for defining links in the footer of the website.

The <nav>tag cannot be nested in the <address> element.

Syntax

The <nav> tag comes in pairs, the content is written between the opening (<nav>) and closing (</nav>) tags.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <header>
      <h1>Programming Courses</h1>
    </header>
    <nav>
      <a href="/learn-html.html">HTML</a> | <a href="/learn-css.html">CSS</a> | <a href="/learn-javascript.html">JavaScript</a> | <a href="/learn-php.html">PHP</a> |
    </nav>
    <h2>Welcome to W3Docs!</h2>
  </body>
</html>

Result

Attributes

The <nav> tag supports the Global Attributes and the Event Attributes.

How to style <nav> tag

Common properties to alter the visual weight/emphasis/size of text in <nav> tag:?

  • CSS font-style property sets the style of the font. normal | italic | oblique | initial | inherit
  • CSS font-family property specifies a prioritized list of one or more font family names and/or generic family names for the selected element.
  • CSS font-size property sets the size of the font.
  • CSS font-weight property defines whether the font should be bold or thick. CSS text-transform Property controls text case and capitalization.
  • CSS text-decoration property specifies the decoration added to text, and is a shorthand property for text-decoration-line, text-decoration-color, text-decoration-style

Coloring text in <nav> tag:

  • CSS color property describes the color of the text content and text decorations
  • CSS background-color property sets the background color of an element.

Text layout styles for <nav> tag:

  • CSS text-indent property specifies the indentation of the first line in a text block.
  • CSS text-overflow property specifies how overflowed content that is not displayed should be signaled to the user.
  • CSS white-space property specifies how white-space inside an element is handled.
  • CSS word-break property specifies where the lines should be broken.

Other properties worth looking at for <nav> tag


Browser support

6+ 4+ 5+ 11.1+


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