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HTML <html> Tag

The <html> tag is a root element of an HTML document. It contains all HTML elements, which inform the browser that this is an HTML document. Before the <html> tag we must put only the <!DOCTYPE> declaration, which inform about HTML version used in the document.

The child elements of the <html> tag are:

  • The <head> tag contains technical information for browsers enclosed in <title>, <script>, <link> and other tags).
  • The <body> tag defines the content of HTML document (text, images, links, etc.).

We recommend using the <html> tag with the lang attribute, which defines the language of the document. This simplifies the indexing of a web page by search engines, helps browsers to correctly display national characters and devices that read from the screen, to correctly determine the pronunciation.

Syntax

The <html> tag comes in pairs, the closing tag (</html>) is required.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <title>Title of the document</title>
   </head>
   <body>
      The content of the page
   </body>
</html>

Result

Attributes

Attribute Value Description
manifest URL Specifies the URL of the resource where the manifest is located with the list of resources that should be cached in the user's browser (for offline viewing).
xmlns https://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml Specifies the XML namespace for the document (if the XHTML document correspondence is required).
Required in XHTML.
In HTML 5 it isn’t required.

The <html> tagsupports the Global Attributes and the Event Attributes.

Browser support