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Keyboard Shortcuts

Keyboard Shortcuts For Windows and Mac

In the modern computer world keyboard shortcuts are frequently used. These shortcuts make using operating systems and computer software programs easier and saves time.

Basic Shortcuts

Description Windows Mac OS
Edit Menu Alt + E CTRL + F2 + F
File Menu Alt + F CTRL + F2 + E
View Menu Alt + V CTRL + F2 + V
Select All Text CTRL + A CMD + A
Copy Text CTRL + C CMD + C
Find Text CTRL + F CMD + F
Find and Replace Text CTRL + H CMD + F
New Document CTRL + N CMD + N
Open A File CTRL + O CMD + O
Print Options CTRL + P CMD + P
Save File CTRL + S CMD + S
Paste Text CTRL + V CMD + V
Cut Text CTRL + X CMD + X
Redo Text CTRL + Y Shift + CMD + Z
Undo Text CTRL + Z CMD + Z

Text Editing

Description Windows Mac OS
Cursor Movement
Go to right or to beginning of next line break Right Arrow Right Arrow
Go to left or to end of previous line break Left Arrow Left Arrow
Go Up One Row Up Arrow Up Arrow
Go Down One Row Down Arrow Down Arrow
Go to beginning of current line Home CMD + Left Arrow
Go to end of current line End CMD + Right Arrow
Go to beginning of document CTRL + Home CMD + Up Arrow
Go to end of document CTRL + End CMD + Down Arrow
Move Up One Frame Page Up Fn + Up Arrow
Move Down One Frame Page Down Fn + Down Arrow
Go to beginning of previous word CTRL + Left Arrow Option + Left Arrow
Go to beginning of next word CTRL + Right Arrow Option + Right Arrow
Go to beginning of line break CTRL + Up Arrow CMD + Left Arrow
Go to end of line break CTRL + Down Arrow CMD + Right Arrow
Text Selection
Select characters to left Shift + Left Arrow Shift + Left Arrow
Select characters to right Shift + Right Arrow Shift + Right Arrow
Select lines upwards Shift + Up Arrow Shift + Up Arrow
Select lines downwards Shift + Down Arrow Shift + Down Arrow
Select Words To Left Shift + CTRL + Left Shift + Opt + Left
Select Words To Right Shift + CTRL + Right Shift + Opt + Right
Select Paragraphs To Left Shift + CTRL + Up Shift + Opt + Up
Select Paragraphs To Right Shift + CTRL + Down Shift + Opt + Down
Select Text between cursor and the beginning of current line Shift + Home CMD + Shift + Left Arrow
Select Text between cursor and the end of current line Shift + End CMD + Shift + Right Arrow
Select Text between cursor and the beginning of document Shift + CTRL + Home CMD + Shift + Up Arrow or CMD + Shift + Fn + Left Arrow
Select Text between cursor and the end of document Shift + CTRL + End CMD + Shift + Down Arrow or CMD + Shift + Fn + Right Arrow
Select one frame when text above the cursor Shift + Page Up Shift + Fn + Up Arrow
Select one frame when text below the cursor Shift + Page Down Shift + Fn + Down Arrow
Select All Text CTRL + A CMD + A
Find Text CTRL + F CMD + F
Text Formatting
Make Selected Text Bold CTRL + B CMD + B
Make Selected Text Italic CTRL + I CMD + I
Underline Selected Text CTRL + U CMD + U
Make Selected Text Superscript CTRL + Shift + = CMD + Shift + =
Make Selected Text Subscript CTRL + = CMD + =
Text Editting
Delete Characters To Left Backspace Backspace
Delete Characters To Right Delete Fn + Backspace
Delete Words To Left CTRL + Backspace CMD + Fn + Backspace
Delete Words To Right CTRL + Del CMD + Backspace
Indent Tab Tab
Outdent Shift + Tab Shift + Tab
Copy Text CTRL + C CMD + C
Find and Replace Text CTRL + H CMD + F
Paste Text CTRL + V CMD + V
Cut Text CTRL + X CMD + X
Undo Text CTRL + Z CMD + Z
Redo Text CTRL + Y Shift + CMD + Z

Web Browsers

Description Windows Mac OS
Navigation
Scroll down a frame Space or Page Down Space or Fn + Down Arrow
Scroll up a frame Shift + Space or Page Up Shift + Space or Fn + Up Arrow
Go to bottom of the page End CMD + Down Arrow
Go to top of the page Home CMD + Up Arrow
Go back Alt + Left Arrow or Backspace CMD + Left Arrow
Go forward Alt + Right Arrow or Shift + Backspace CMD + Right Arrow
Refresh webpage F5 CMD + R
Refresh webpage without cache CTRL + F5 CMD + Shift + R
Stop Esc Esc
Toggle Full Screen F11 CMD + Shift + F
Zoom In CTRL + + CMD + +
Zoom Out CTRL + - CMD + -
Zoom 100% (Default) CTRL + 0 CMD + 0
Open Homepage Alt + Home Option + Home or Option + Fn + Left Arrow
Find Text CTRL + F CMD + F
Tab / Window Management
Open A New Tab CTRL + T CMD + T
Close Current Tab CTRL + W CMD+ W
Close All Tabs CTRL + Shift + W CMD + Q
Close All Tabs Except Current One CTRL + Alt + F4 CMD + Opt + W
Go to Next Tab CTRL + Tab Control + Tab or CMD + Shift + Right Arrow
Go to Previous Tab CTRL + Shift + Tab Shift + Control + Tab or CMD + Shift + Left Arrow
Go to Specific Tab Number CTRL + 1-8 CMD + 1-8
Go to Last Tab CTRL + 9 CMD + 9
Re-open the last closed tab CTRL + Shift + T CMD + Shift + T
Open A New Window CTRL + N CMD + N
Close Current Window Alt + F4 CMD + W
Go to Next Window Alt + Tab CMD + Tab
Go to Previous Window Alt + Shift + Tab CMD + Shift + Tab
Re-open the last closed window CTRL + Shift + N -
Open links in a new tab in the background CTRL + Click CMD + Click
Open links in a new tab in the foreground CTRL + Shift + Click CMD + Shift + Click
Print Current Web Page CTRL + P CMD + P
Save Current Web Page CTRL + S CMD + S
Address Bar
Cycle between toolbar, search bar and page elements Tab Tab
Go to browser's address bar CTRL + L or Alt + D CMD + L
Focus and select the browser's search bar CTRL + E CMD + E or CMD + K
Open the address bar location in a new tab Alt + Enter Opt + Enter
Display a list of previously typed addresses F4 -
Adding www. in the beginning, and .com in the end, automatically in the address bar when a text typed CTRL + Enter CMD + Enter or Control + Enter
Bookmarks
Open Bookmarks Menu CTRL + B CMD + B
Add Current Page to Bookmarks CTRL + D CMD + Opt + B or CMD + Shift + B
Open Browsing History CTRL + H CMD + Shift + H or CMD + Y
Open Download History CTRL + J CMD + J or CMD + Shift + J

Screenshots

Description Windows Mac OS
Save whole screen's screenshot as file - CMD + Shift + 3
Copy whole screen's screenshot to clipboard PrtScr (PrintScreen) or CTRL + PrtScr CMD + CTRL + Shift + 3
Save Window Screenshot as file - CMD + Shift + 4 + Space
Copy window screenshot to clipboard Alt + PrtScr CMD + CTRL + Shift + 4 + Space
Copy a wanted area's screenshot to clipboard - CMD + CTRL + Shift + 4
Save a wanted area's screenshot as file - CMD + Shift + 4

Ubuntu Shortcuts

Beside Windows and Mac OS, there are shortcuts in Ubuntu Operating System as well. Find the shortcuts of Ubuntu below.

Desktop Shortcuts

Description Shortcut
Open The Applications Menu ALT + F1
Run an application by typing its name in the box which appears ALT + F2
Take A Screenshot of All Screen Prt Sc (Print Screen)
Take A Screenshot of Current Window ALT + Prt Sc
Take A Screenshot of Selected Place Shift + Prt Sc

Window Shortcuts

Description Shortcut
Switch between currently open windows. Press Alt + Tab and then release Tab (but continue to hold Alt). Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of available windows which appears on the screen. Release the Alt key to switch to the selected window. ALT + Tab
Switch between currently-open windows in all Workspaces. Press Tab repeatedly to cycle through the list of available windows which appears on the screen. Release the Ctrl and Alt keys to switch to the selected window. CTRL + ALT + Tab
Quickly switch between your Workspaces. CTRL + ALT + Left or Right Cursor
Moves the current window (can be moved with mouse or keyboard).
It may not work on every device.
ALT + F7
Resizes current window (again, can be moved with mouse or keyboard).
It may not work on every device.
ALT + F8
Minimises current window.
It may not work on every device.
ALT + F9
Maximises current window.
It may not work on every device.
ALT + F10
Brings up window menu with with 'Always on Top' and 'Minimise' and 'Maximise' and above commands.
It may not work on every device.
ALT + Space
Returns window to 'normal' or previous size.
It may not work on every application.
ALT + F5
Closes window.
It may not work on every application.
ALT + F4

Desktop Effects enabled shortcuts

Description Shortcut
Spins the 'cube' that your workspaces reside on, allowing you to select the workspace you wish to use. CTRL + ALT + Left or Right Cursor
Enables an 'expose' like feature that presents you with all the windows you currently have open, allowing you to select the one you wish to give focus to. CTRL + ALT + Up Cursor
Unfolds your workspace cube allowing you to see more than one of your workspaces at once, using the left and right cursor keys with this active will allow you to select the workspace you wish to use. CTRL + ALT + Down Cursor
Switch between currently-open windows across all workspaces. CTRL + ALT + Tab
Enables the 'scale' effect, it shows all windows from the current workspace. Super + W
Enables the 'scale' effect, it shows all windows from all workspaces. Super + A
Invert colours of the focused window. Super + N
Invert colours for the whole screen. Super + M
Zooms in on the screen. Super + Mouse Scroll Wheel
Select a region to zoom into, using a rectangle. Super + Middle Mouse Button
Toggles 'Show Desktop'. CTRL + Super + D
Resize focused window. ALT + Middle Mouse Button
Move focused window. ALT + Left Mouse Button
Show window menu. ALT + Right Mouse Button
Zoom out, show workspace switcher. Super + S

Common Application Shortcuts

These shortcuts are commonly used but they may not work in every applications.

Description Shortcut
Copy the selected text/object CTRL + C
Cut the selected text/object CTRL + X
Paste/insert the selected text/object CTRL + V
Select all text CTRL + A
Make the selected text bold CTRL + B
Make the selected text italic CTRL + I
Underline the selected text CTRL + U
Open a new document or window CTRL + N
Save the current document CTRL + S
Open another document CTRL + O
Print the current document CTRL + P
Undo the last change you made CTRL + Z
Redo a change that you just undid CTRL + Shift + Z

System Shortcuts

Description Shortcut
Restart the computer immediately, without saving open files CTRL + ALT + Delete
Rotate through supported screen resolutions CTRL + ALT + Plus (Numeric Keypad)
Rotate backwards through supported screen resolutions CTRL + ALT + Minus (Numeric Keypad)

Application-specific shortcuts

Mozilla Firefox

Description Shortcut
Open a new tab CTRL + T
Rotate through each tab CTRL + Tab
Rotate backwards through each tab CTRL + Shift + Tab
Close the current tab (or browser if on last tab) CTRL + W
Enter a new web address CTRL + L
Show a list of your bookmarks CTRL + B
Show your browsing history CTRL + H
Enter a new web search in the search bar CTRL + K
Show a list of downloaded files CTRL + Y
Display the current page full-screen F11
Stop loading the current page ESC
Reload the current page CTRL + R
Scrolls current tab/window down. ALT GR + Space
Scrolls current tab/window up. You may find Alt Gr+Shift+Space works if Alt Gr+Backspace does not. ALT GR + Backspace

LibreOffice Writer

Description Shortcut
Check the spelling of the current document F7
Find and replace words CTRL + F
Undo the last change CTRL + Z
Redo a change which you just undid CTRL + Y
Align the current paragraph/selection to the left CTRL + L
Align the current paragraph/selection to the center of the document CTRL + E
Align the current paragraph/selection to the right CTRL + R
Show the current document full-screen CTRL + Shift + J

Recommendation: Change shortcuts in LibreOffice following these steps: Tools ▸ Customize… ▸ Keyboard.