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HTML <thead> Tag

The <thead> tag defines the header of an HTML table. The tag is used along with <tbody> and <tfoot> tags, which specify the body and footer of the table respectively.

The <thead> tag must be used as a child of the <table> element, after the <caption>, <colgroup> (if any) and the <tbody>, <tfoot> and <tr> elements. (You can use only one <thead> tag inside <table>).

Note, that the <tfoot> tag must be placed before <tbody>, so that the browser can render the table footer correctly.

The <thead> must contain at least one <tr> element.

The <thead>, <tbody>, and <tfoot> elements do not affect the layout of the table by default. Use CSS properties to customize the look of the table.

Syntax

<table>
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <td> ... </td>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tfoot> ... </tfoot>
  <tbody> ... </tbody>
</table>

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style>
      th, td {
        padding: 10px;
        border: 1px solid #666;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
   <body>
    <table style="width:80%; margin:30px auto; border-collapse:collapse;">
      <thead style="background-color:#1c87c9; color:#fff;">
        <tr>
          <th>Month</th>
          <th>Savings</th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tfoot>
        <tr>
          <td>Total</td>
          <td>1500</td>
        </tr>
      </tfoot>
      <tbody>
        <tr>
          <td>January</td>
          <td>500</td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>February</td>
          <td>1000</td>
        </tr>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  </body>
</html>

Result

Attributes

Attribute Values Description
align right
left
center
justify
char
Specifies the alignment of the content inside <thead> element.
Not supported in HTML5
bgcolor bgcolor Sets the background color of the rows inside <thead> element.
Not supported in HTML5
char character Specifies the alignment of the content inside the <thead> element to a character. Is used only when the attribute align = "char".
Not supported in HTML5.
charoff number Specifies the number of characters the content inside the <thead> element will be aligned from the character specified by the char attribute. Is used only when the attribute align = "char".
Not supported in HTML5.
valign top
bottom
middle
baseline
Specifies a vertical alignment of the content inside the <tbody> element.
Not supported in HTML5.

The <thead> tag supports the Global Attributes and the Event Attributes.

How to style <thead> tag

Common properties to alter the visual weight/emphasis/size of text in <thead> tag:?

  • CSS font-style property sets the style of the font. normal | italic | oblique | initial | inherit
  • CSS font-family property specifies a prioritized list of one or more font family names and/or generic family names for the selected element.
  • CSS font-size property sets the size of the font.
  • CSS font-weight property defines whether the font should be bold or thick. CSS text-transform Property controls text case and capitalization.
  • CSS text-decoration property specifies the decoration added to text, and is a shorthand property for text-decoration-line, text-decoration-color, text-decoration-style

Coloring text in <thead> tag:

  • CSS color property describes the color of the text content and text decorations
  • CSS background-color property sets the background color of an element.

Text layout styles for <thead> tag:

  • CSS text-indent property specifies the indentation of the first line in a text block.
  • CSS text-overflow property specifies how overflowed content that is not displayed should be signaled to the user.
  • CSS white-space property specifies how white-space inside an element is handled.
  • CSS word-break property specifies where the lines should be broken.

Other properties worth looking at for <thead> tag


Browser support



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