HTML <button> Tag

The <button> tag is used to create clickable buttons on the web page. The difference between these elements and buttons created with the <input> tag is that you can place the content (images or text) inside the <button>.

Use the <input> element to define a button within HTML form, as browsers display the content of the <button> tag differently. For example, the Internet Explorer displays the text between the <button> and </button> tags, while other browsers display the content defined with value attribute.

Syntax

The <button> tag comes in pairs, the content is written between the opening (<button>) and the closing (</button>) tags.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>Here will be our button</h1>
    <button type="button">Click</button>
  </body>
</html>

Result

Using CSS styles

You can apply CSS styles to the <button> tag to change the appearance of the button, its size, color, text font, and so on.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    Ordinary button
    <button type="button">Add to the recycle bin</button>
    <hr />
    Button with red text
    <button type="button" style="color: red;"><b>HTML Book </b></button>
    <hr />
    Button with increased font size
    <button type="button" style="font: bold 14px Arial;">Download the book </button><br />
  </body>
</html>

Result

Attributes

The <button> tag doesn’t have required attributes, however, we recommend always use the type=”button” attribute, if the tag is used as an ordinary button.

Attributes Value Description
autofocus autofocus Specifies that the button should receive focus after loading the page.
disabled disabled Deactivates the button. (Used when the button should become active after performing some action.)
form form_id Specifies one or more forms the button belongs to. If the button has multiple forms, then their identifiers (form_id) must be separated by spaces.
Not supported in Internet Explorer.
formaction URL Defines the address, where the form data will be sent after clicking on the button. (Used only for the buttons with the type="submit" attribute).
formenctype Defines how the form-data should be encoded when a form is submitted. (Used only for type="submit").
application/x-www-form- All symbols are encoded before a form is submitted (default value).
urlencoded Symbols are not encoded.
multipart/form-data Spaces are being replaced by the sign "+", but symbols aren’t encoded.
text/plain
formmethod Defines the method of the HTTP request, which will be used when a form is submitted (only for type="submit").
get Passes the form data in the address bar ("name = value"), which are added to the URL of the page after the question mark and are separated by an ampersand (&). (http://example.ru/doc/?name=Ivan&password=vanya)
post The browser communicates with the server and sends the data for processing.
formnovalidate formnovalidate Specifies that the form-data should not be validated on submission (only for type="submit").
formtarget Specifies, where the response will be shown after the form is submitted (only for type="submit").
blank Opens the response in a new window.
self Opens the response in the current window.
parent Opens the response in the parent frame.
top Opens the response in the full width window.
name name Defines the button name.
type Defines the button type.
button ordinary button
reset button, that clears the form from the input data
submit button for sending form data.
value text Defines the button value.

The <button> tag also supports the Global Attributes and the Event Attributes.

Browser support