HTML <li> Tag

The HTML <li> tag defines separate items in an HTML List. The <ul> and the <ol> tags define unordered and ordered lists correspondingly. The <menu> tag defines the context menu. List items are usually displayed using bullet points in menus and unordered lists. In ordered lists, they are usually displayed with a number or letter on the left side.

Syntax

The <li> tag comes in pairs. The content is written between opening (<li>) and closing (</li>) tags. The <li> tag is a block-level element, it starts on a new line and takes up the full width available.

Example of ordered and unordered lists:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document.</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <p>Ordered list</p>
    <ol>
      <li>Appetizers</li>
      <li>Main Course</li>
      <li>Salads</li>
    </ol>
    <p>Unordered list</p>
    <ul>
      <li>Cold Drinks</li>
      <li>Hot Drinks</li>
      <li>Ice-Creams</li>
    </ul>
  </body>
</html>

The value Attribute

The value attribute specifies a number for a list item. The value attribute is used only with the <ol> element.

The ordinal value of the value attribute must be a valid integer.

Example of the value attribute:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document.</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <ol>
      <li value="5">Coffee</li>
      <li>Tea</li>
      <li>Coca Cola</li>
    </ol>
  </body>
</html>

Styling List Item Marker

For adding styles to the <li> element you can use CSS list-style, list-style-type, list-style-image and list-style-position properties.

Example of styling list item marker:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style>
      ul.a {
      list-style-type: circle;
      }
      ul.b {
      list-style-type: square;
      }
      ol.c {
      list-style-type: upper-roman;
      }
      ol.d {
      list-style-type: lower-alpha;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>The list-style-type property</h1>
    <p>Example of unordered lists:</p>
    <ul class="a">
      <li>Coffee</li>
      <li>Tea</li>
      <li>Coca Cola</li>
    </ul>
    <ul class="b">
      <li>Coffee</li>
      <li>Tea</li>
      <li>Coca Cola</li>
    </ul>
    <p>Example of ordered lists:</p>
    <ol class="c">
      <li>Coffee</li>
      <li>Tea</li>
      <li>Coca Cola</li>
    </ol>
    <ol class="d">
      <li>Coffee</li>
      <li>Tea</li>
      <li>Coca Cola</li>
    </ol>
  </body>
</html>

Replace the bullet points with an image with the CSS list-style-image property.

Example of image marker:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style>
      ul {
      list-style-image: url("/uploads/media/default/0001/01/03d3f916bd5c266dd5008d5c210478cc730437eb.png");
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>List-style-image property example</h2>
    <ul>
      <li>List item 1</li>
      <li>List item 2</li>
      <li>List item 3</li>
    </ul>
  </body>
</html>

CSS list-style-position property specifies whether the list marker should appear inside or outside the list-item box.

Example of inside and outside positioning of a marker:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Title of the document</title>
    <style>
      .inside {
      list-style-position: inside;
      }
      li {
      border: 1px solid #666;
      padding: 5px;
      }
      .outside {
      list-style-position: outside;
      }
      li {
      border: 1px solid #666;
      padding: 5px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <h2>List-style-position property example</h2>
    <p>Here the list-style is positioned "inside".</p>
    <ul class="inside">
      <li>List item 1</li>
      <li>List item 2</li>
      <li>List item 3</li>
    </ul>
    <p>Here the list-style is positioned "outside".</p>
    <ul class="outside">
      <li>List item 1</li>
      <li>List item 2</li>
      <li>List item 3</li>
    </ul>
  </body>
</html>

Attributes

Attribute Value Description
type 1
A
a
I
i
disc
square
circle
Defines the bullet type of ordered or unordered list. The attribute isn’t used anymore. We recommend using the CSS list-style-type or list-style-image property instead, by the help of which you can use images instead of bullets.
value number Specifies the number, from which the order list will start. You can use negative values. It works only with the ordered list.

The <li> tag supports the Global Attributes and the Event Attributes.

How to style <li> tag

Common properties to alter the visual weight/emphasis/size of text in <li> tag:?

  • CSS font-style property sets the style of the font. normal | italic | oblique | initial | inherit
  • CSS font-family property specifies a prioritized list of one or more font family names and/or generic family names for the selected element.
  • CSS font-size property sets the size of the font.
  • CSS font-weight property defines whether the font should be bold or thick. CSS text-transform Property controls text case and capitalization.
  • CSS text-decoration property specifies the decoration added to text, and is a shorthand property for text-decoration-line, text-decoration-color, text-decoration-style

Coloring text in <li> tag:

  • CSS color property describes the color of the text content and text decorations
  • CSS background-color property sets the background color of an element.

Text layout styles for <li> tag:

  • CSS text-indent property specifies the indentation of the first line in a text block.
  • CSS text-overflow property specifies how overflowed content that is not displayed should be signaled to the user.
  • CSS white-space property specifies how white-space inside an element is handled.
  • CSS word-break property specifies where the lines should be broken.

Other properties worth looking at for <li> tag


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