HTML Entities

There are a lot of symbols, that are not present on a normal keyboard (mathematical, technical, currency symbols, etc). There are also symbols, that cannot be used as it may lead to confusion. For example, we cannot use (>) greater than, because in HTML this symbol stands for tag, and the browser won’t show it.

Entities are used in HTML for displaying reserved characters that might be confused with HTML code, invisible characters, like non-breaking spaces, as well as characters that are difficult or impossible to type with a keyboard.

An HTML entity begins with an ampersand & and ends with a semicolon.

Character Entities Commonly Used in HTML

Result Description Entity Name Entity Number
non-breaking space    
< less than &lt; &#60;
> greater than &gt; &#62;
& ampersand &amp; &#38;
¢ cent &cent; &#162;
£ pound &pound; &#163;
¥ yen &yen; &#165;
euro &euro; &#8364;
§ section &sect; &#167;
© copyright &copy; &#169;
® registered trademark &reg; &#174;
trademark &trade; &#8482;

Math Symbols Supported by HTML

Character Entity Number Entity Name Description
&#8704; &forall; for all
&#8706; &part; part
&#8707; &exist; exists
&#8709; &empty; empty
&#8711; &nabla; nabla
&#8712; &isin; isin
&#8713; &notin; notin
&#8715; &ni; ni
&#8719; &prod; prod
&#8721; &sum; sum
&#8722; &minus; minus
&#8727; &lowast; lowast
&#8730; &radic; square root
&#8733; &prop; proportional to
&#8734; &infin; infinity
&#8736; &ang; angle
&#8743; &and; and
&#8744; &or; or
&#8745; &cap; cap
&#8746; &cup; cup
&#8747; &int; integral
&#8756; &there4; therefore
&#8764; &sim; similar to
&#8773; &cong; congruent to
&#8776; &asymp; almost equal
&#8800; &ne; not equal
&#8801; &equiv; equivalent
&#8804; &le; less or equal
&#8805; &ge; greater or equal
&#8834; &sub; subset of
&#8835; &sup; superset of
&#8836; &nsub; not subset of
&#8838; &sube; subset or equal
&#8839; &supe; superset or equal
&#8853; &oplus; circled plus
&#8855; &otimes; circled times
&#8869; &perp; perpendicular
&#8901; &sdot; dot operator

Greek Letters Supported by HTML

Character Entity Number Entity Name Description
Α &#913; &Alpha; Alpha
Β &#914; &Beta; Beta
Γ &#915; &Gamma; Gamma
Δ &#916; &Delta; Delta
Ε &#917; &Epsilon; Epsilon
Ζ &#918; &Zeta; Zeta
Η &#919; &Eta; Eta
Θ &#920; &Theta; Theta
Ι &#921; &Iota; Iota
Κ &#922; &Kappa; Kappa
Λ &#923; &Lambda; Lambda
Μ &#924; &Mu; Mu
Ν &#925; &Nu; Nu
Ξ &#926; &Xi; Xi
Ο &#927; &Omicron; Omicron
Π &#928; &Pi; Pi
Ρ &#929; &Rho; Rho
Σ &#931; &Sigma; Sigma
Τ &#932; &Tau; Tau
Υ &#933; &Upsilon; Upsilon
Φ &#934; &Phi; Phi
Χ &#935; &Chi; Chi
Ψ &#936; &Psi; Psi
Ω &#937; &Omega; Omega
       
α &#945; &alpha; alpha
β &#946; &beta; beta
γ &#947; &gamma; gamma
δ &#948; &delta; delta
ε &#949; &epsilon; epsilon
ζ &#950; &zeta; zeta
η &#951; &eta; eta
θ &#952; &theta; theta
ι &#953; &iota; iota
κ &#954; &kappa; kappa
λ &#955; &lambda; lambda
μ &#956; &mu; mu
ν &#957; &nu; nu
ξ &#958; &xi; xi
ο &#959; &omicron; omicron
π &#960; &pi; pi
ρ &#961; &rho; rho
ς &#962; &sigmaf; sigmaf
σ &#963; &sigma; sigma
τ &#964; &tau; tau
υ &#965; &upsilon; upsilon
φ &#966; &phi; phi
χ &#967; &chi; chi
ψ &#968; &psi; psi
ω &#969; &omega; omega
       
ϑ &#977; &thetasym; theta symbol
ϒ &#978; &upsih; upsilon symbol
ϖ &#982; &piv; pi symbol

Other Entities Supported by HTML

Character Entity Number Entity Name Description
Π&#338; &OElig; capital ligature OE
œ &#339; &oelig; small ligature oe
Š &#352; &Scaron; capital S with caron
š &#353; &scaron; small S with caron
Ÿ &#376; &Yuml; capital Y with diaeres
ƒ &#402; &fnof; f with hook
ˆ &#710; &circ; modifier letter circumflex accent
˜ &#732; &tilde; small tilde
&#8194; &ensp; en space
&#8195; &emsp; em space
&#8201; &thinsp; thin space
&#8204; &zwnj; zero width non-joiner
&#8205; &zwj; zero width joiner
&#8206; &lrm; left-to-right mark
&#8207; &rlm; right-to-left mark
&#8211; &ndash; en dash
&#8212; &mdash; em dash
&#8216; &lsquo; left single quotation mark
&#8217; &rsquo; right single quotation mark
&#8218; &sbquo; single low-9 quotation mark
&#8220; &ldquo; left double quotation mark
&#8221; &rdquo; right double quotation mark
&#8222; &bdquo; double low-9 quotation mark
&#8224; &dagger; dagger
&#8225; &Dagger; double dagger
&#8226; &bull; bullet
&#8230; &hellip; horizontal ellipsis
&#8240; &permil; per mille
&#8242; &prime; minutes
&#8243; &Prime; seconds
&#8249; &lsaquo; single left angle quotation
&#8250; &rsaquo; single right angle quotation
&#8254; &oline; overline
&#8254; &oline; overline
&#8364; &euro; euro
&#8482; or #153; &trade; trademark
&#8592; &larr; left arrow
&#8593; &uarr; up arrow
&#8594; &rarr; right arrow
&#8595; &darr; down arrow
&#8596; &harr; left right arrow
&#8629; &crarr; carriage return arrow
&#8968; &lceil; left ceiling
&#8969; &rceil; right ceiling
&#8970; &lfloor; left floor
&#8971; &rfloor; right floor
&#9674; &loz; lozenge
&#9824; &spades; spade
&#9827; &clubs; club
&#9829; &hearts; heart
&#9830; &diams; diamond