How-to articles, tricks, and solutions about PYTHON

How do I wait for a pressed key?

Here is an example of how you might wait for a key press in Python:

How do I count the NaN values in a column in pandas DataFrame?

You can use the isna() function to create a boolean mask of the NaN values in a column, and then use the sum() function to count the number of True values in the mask.

Remove final character from string

You can remove the final character from a string in Python using string slicing.

How do you round UP a number?

In Python, you can use the ceil() function from the math module to round a number up.

Split string with multiple delimiters in Python

You can use the re.split() function from the re module in Python to split a string using multiple delimiters.

Convert Python dict into a dataframe

You can use the Pandas library to convert a Python dictionary into a dataframe.

UnicodeDecodeError, invalid continuation byte

Here is an example of a Python code snippet that could cause a UnicodeDecodeError: invalid continuation byte error:

Finding and replacing elements in a list

Here is a Python code snippet that demonstrates how to find and replace elements in a list:

Error "Import Error: No module named numpy" on Windows

This error message indicates that the Python interpreter is unable to find the numpy module, which is likely because it is not installed on your system.

ValueError: could not convert string to float: id

This error message is indicating that the program is trying to convert a string to a float, but the string is not a valid number.

How do I find the location of my Python site-packages directory?

You can use the site module to find the location of your Python site-packages directory.

How to get the position of a character in Python?

You can use the index() method to get the position of a specific character in a string.

Getting the index of the returned max or min item using max()/min() on a list

You can use the enumerate() function along with max() or min() to get the index of the maximum or minimum item in a list in Python.

Finding the average of a list

Here is a Python code snippet for finding the average of a list of numbers:

Removing Conda environment

To remove a conda environment, you can use the following command:

How can I get list of values from dict?

You can use the values() method to get a list of values from a dictionary:

How can I compare two lists in python and return matches

To compare two lists and return the matches, you can use the built-in intersection() method of the set data type.

TypeError: Missing 1 required positional argument: 'self'

This error message is indicating that a class method is being called without providing the "self" parameter, which is the first parameter for all class methods and refers to the instance of the class.

ValueError: The truth value of an array with more than one element is ambiguous. Use a.any() or a.all()

This error message is indicating that a boolean operation was performed on an array with multiple elements, and the result of the operation is ambiguous.

UnicodeDecodeError: 'utf8' codec can't decode byte 0xa5 in position 0: invalid start byte

This error occurs when trying to decode a byte string using the UTF-8 codec and the byte at the given position is not a valid start byte for a UTF-8 encoded character.

ValueError: setting an array element with a sequence

This code creates a 2D numpy array, and then tries to set the first element of the array to a list.

TypeError: 'module' object is not callable

This error message typically occurs when you are trying to call a module as if it were a function.

Add a new item to a dictionary in Python

To add a new item (key-value pair) to a dictionary in Python, you can use the square brackets [] or the update() method.

How to delete a character from a string using Python

You can use string slicing to remove a specific character from a string in Python.