In this article, we will discuss the mysqli_prepare() function in PHP, which is used to prepare an SQL statement for execution.

Introduction to the mysqli_prepare() function

The mysqli_prepare() function is a built-in function in PHP that is used to prepare an SQL statement for execution. The mysqli_prepare() function creates a prepared statement object and returns a reference to that object. Prepared statements are a powerful tool for working with databases as they allow you to write secure, parameterized SQL queries.

How to use the mysqli_prepare() function

Using the mysqli_prepare() function is straightforward. Here's an example:

$mysqli = new mysqli("localhost", "username", "password", "database");

if ($mysqli->connect_errno) {
    echo "Failed to connect to MySQL: " . $mysqli->connect_error;

$query = "SELECT * FROM users WHERE id=?";
$stmt = $mysqli->prepare($query);
$stmt->bind_param("i", $id);
$id = 1;
$result = $stmt->get_result();
while ($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) {
    // process the row

In this example, we first create a new MySQLi object using the mysqli() constructor. We then check if the connection was successful using the connect_errno property. If the connection was successful, we define an SQL query that selects all rows from the users table where the id column matches a placeholder value. We then call the mysqli_prepare() function with the query string to create a prepared statement object. We then bind a variable to the id placeholder using the bind_param() method. We then set the value of the $id variable to 1 and execute the prepared statement using the execute() method. We then retrieve the result set using the get_result() method and loop through the rows using the fetch_assoc() method. Finally, we close the statement and the connection using the close() method.


In conclusion, the mysqli_prepare() function is a powerful tool for working with databases in PHP. By understanding how to use the function, you can write secure, parameterized SQL queries that are resistant to SQL injection attacks.

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