In Python 3, you can convert a string to bytes using the bytes function.
This can occur if your PHP code is using the ISO-8859-1 character set instead of UTF-8.
To convert a String to a UTF-8 encoded byte array in Java, you can use the getBytes method of the String class and specify the character encoding as "UTF-8".
To set the default character encoding for the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), you can use the -Dfile.encoding option when starting the JVM.
UTF-8 is a character encoding that represents each character in a text document as a unique numerical code.
Here is a code snippet that demonstrates how to work with UTF-8 encoding in a Python source file: