What will be output of the following expression?
let a:string=47; 
     console.log( " Value of a= " +a);

Understanding String Concatenation and Variable Values in TypeScript

In TypeScript, a statically typed superscript of JavaScript, you have the ability to declare variables with specific types including numbers, boolean, string, etc. The particular quiz question revolves around the concept of string concatenation and variable assignment in TypeScript.

The question presented a piece of code in TypeScript:

let a:string=47; 
console.log( " Value of a= " +a);

It then asked for the output of this code snippet.

Explanation of the Correct Answer

In TypeScript, let is used to declare a variable. The keyword let is followed by the variable name, which in this case is a. The colon : and the type string signifies that a is a string variable. The assignment operator = is then used to assign the value 47 to the variable a. Note that although 47 is a number, it is actually declared as a string in this context due to the string type annotation.

The console.log() function prints the output to the console. In this statement, it's concatenating the string " Value of a= " and the value of a, which results in the string " Value of a= 47".

So, the correct answer to this question is "Value of a=47".

Practical Example and Additional Insights

Let's consider a practical scenario where this concept might be useful: A program that calculates the total price of items in a shopping cart. If each item's cost is stored as a string rather than a number, they could be combined (concatenated) with descriptive text to provide more user-friendly output.

let item1:string='10';
let item2:string='20';
let totalCost:string = Number(item1) + Number(item2);
console.log("The total cost of the items in your cart is: $" + totalCost);

Here, console.log() combines text and the cost variable to create a single string. The output will be: "The total cost of the items in your cart is: $30"

While the given quiz question is straightforward, it's key to remember: TypeScript is strict about types, hence a clear understanding of them is a necessity – it can prevent unnecessary bugs later down the line and understanding type-assignation and concatenation is the foundation to that knowledge. In the end, TypeScript enhances JavaScript by adding types which result in more robust codebase and cleaner code.

Do you find this helpful?