How to Checkout a Remote Branch in Git
During the process of working on a shared git repository, coworkers might need access to one another’s branches. It is possible to do with the help of the git checkout command. Usually, there exists a single remote. However, there can be cases when a developer has to work with branches in multiple remotes.
Here, we will discuss both of the scenarios: checking out a single remote and checking out multiple remote branches.
How to Checkout to a Branch in a Single Remote
Here are the steps you should take to checkout a single remote branch:
Fetching a Remote
The first step is fetching a remote branch by using the git fetch command, like this:
The second step is displaying the branches to choose, which one you want to checkout by acting as follows:
git branch -v -a
Checking out a Remote Branch
The final step is using the git checkout command in the following way:
git checkout test
How to Checkout to a Branch in Multiple Remotes
Now, let’s figure out how to switch to multiple remote branches accurately. You can easily do that by following the steps below.
Fetching Remote Branches
In this case, your first step should be using the git fetch command with the --all option to fetch all the remotes, like this:
git fetch --all
You can see the branches that are available for checkout by calling the git branch command:
git branch -v -a
Checking out Branches
And, finally, to checkout a branch in multiple remotes, you should use the following command:
git checkout -b test <name of remote>/test
Or the shorthand version:
git checkout -t <name of remote>/test
The git branch Command
The git branch command is targeted at creating, listing and deleting branches. It doesn’t give you an option to switch between branches and put a forked history back together. Most version control systems allow branching. It is aimed at pointing to a snapshot of your changes. For summarizing the changes whenever you intend to \fix the bugs or add new properties is created a new branch.
The git fetch Command
The git fetch command is applied for downloading commits, references, and files from the remote repository into a local one. With it, you can see what other members of the group have been working on. The content that has been fetched, should be accurately checked out using the git checkout command.
The git checkout Command
Switching branches and restoring working tree files is what the git checkout command is used for. You can run it on commits, branches, as well as, files. It is especially useful for switching between several features in a single repository.
The git reset Command
The git reset command is a useful method for undoing changes in Git. It includes three invocation forms matching the tree internal state management systems of Git. Those systems are called three trees of Git. They include the HEAD, your staging index and, finally, the working directory.