Which property controls the size of a text?

Understanding the Font-Size Property in CSS

In the world of web design and development, controlling the size of text is crucial for readability and visual appeal. This is achieved using a property called font-size in CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). The font-size property controls the size of text in an HTML document, making it larger or smaller based on the value assigned to it.

Usage of Font-Size Property

The font-size property can hold several different types of values, such as:

  • Absolute size keywords (xx-small, x-small, small, medium, large, x-large, xx-large)
  • Relative size keywords (larger or smaller)
  • Length values (such as px, em, rem, %)
  • A value of 0

Here is a simple example of how the font-size property might be used:

h1 {
  font-size: 30px; 

In this example, the size of the text inside any <h1> tags would be set to 30 pixels.

Best Practices

When using the font-size property, it's best to use relative units (such as em or rem) rather than absolute units (like px). This is because relative units are more flexible and are better for responsive design. They scale with the default font-size of the browser, meaning your website will be more accessible for users who have chosen larger default font sizes.

Another good practice is to use a base font-size on the body or html element (like font-size: 16px;), and define other font-sizes using em or rem. This way, all other font sizes will be proportional to this base size, making it easier to control and scale your typography.

It's key to remember that readability is crucial. Setting a font-size too small can cause strain for users, while a font-size too large can break the layout of the site. Testing your design in various conditions and screens will ensure your text size is effective for all users.

In conclusion, the font-size property is a fundamental aspect of CSS, enabling control over how text is presented, and in turn, the overall aesthetics and accessibility of a web page. Making thoughtful use of font-size can greatly enhance the user experience of visiting your website.

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