What is the purpose and use of **kwargs?

In Python, kwargs is a way to pass a keyworded, variable-length argument list. It allows you to pass a variable number of keyword arguments to a function. The double asterisk () before the parameter name indicates that it will be a keyworded, variable-length argument list.

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Here is an example of a function that uses **kwargs:

def print_kwargs(**kwargs):
    for key, value in kwargs.items():
        print(key, ":", value)

print_kwargs(name="John", age=30, city="New York")

In this example, the function print_kwargs() accepts a keyworded, variable-length argument list, which is represented by the parameter **kwargs. Inside the function, the keyword arguments are accessed as a dictionary using the kwargs parameter.

The above code would output:

name : John
age : 30
city : New York

You can use it to pass the keyword arguments to a function and the function uses them to set the default values or perform the desired operations.