UTF-8 problems while reading CSV file with fgetcsv

UTF-8 is a character encoding that supports a wide range of characters and is often used for handling multilingual text. If you're experiencing problems while reading a CSV file with the fgetcsv() function in PHP and suspect that it may be related to UTF-8 encoding, there are a few things you can try:

  1. Ensure that the CSV file is saved in UTF-8 encoding. You can check this by opening the file in a text editor and looking at the encoding setting.

  2. Specify the correct encoding when using the fgetcsv() function. You can do this by passing the "encoding" parameter to the function, like so: fgetcsv($handle, 0, ',', '"', '\\', true, 'UTF-8');

  3. Use the mb_convert_encoding() function to convert the contents of the CSV file to UTF-8 before passing it to fgetcsv().

  4. Use "bom" in the fgetcsv() function, like so: fgetcsv($handle, 0, ',', '"', "\xEF\xBB\xBF");

If none of these steps work, you should check that your PHP version and the library version are compatible.

It is also worth double checking that the CSV file is actually encoded in UTF-8.