Testing Private method using mockito

It is generally considered bad practice to test private methods, as they are an implementation detail that should not be exposed to the outside world. Private methods are often not designed to be called directly, and they can change without notice, which can break the tests that depend on them.

Instead of testing private methods, it is usually better to test the public methods and the overall behavior of the class. This ensures that the class is correct from the perspective of its users and reduces the risk of breaking the tests when the implementation changes.

If you still want to test a private method, one way to do it is to use reflection to call the method from your test. Here's an example of how you can use reflection to test a private method using Mockito:

import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;
import org.mockito.InjectMocks;
import org.mockito.Spy;
import org.mockito.junit.MockitoJUnitRunner;

import java.lang.reflect.Method;

import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;

public class PrivateMethodTest {
  private MyClass myClass;

  private MyClassService myClassService;

  public void testPrivateMethod() throws Exception {
    Method privateMethod = MyClass.class.getDeclaredMethod("privateMethod");
    String result = (String) privateMethod.invoke(myClass);
    assertEquals("private method", result);

class MyClass {
  private String privateMethod() {
    return "private method";

class MyClassService {
  private final MyClass myClass;

  MyClassService(MyClass myClass) {
    this.myClass = myClass;

This code defines a test class PrivateMethodTest with a spy of the MyClass class and an instance of the MyClassService class that depends on it. It also defines a test method testPrivateMethod that uses reflection to call the privateMethod method of MyClass.

To use reflection to call the private method, the code first gets a Method object for the privateMethod method using the getDeclaredMethod method of the Class object. It then sets the accessible flag of the Method object to true using the setAccessible method. Finally, it invokes the privateMethod method using the invoke method of the Method object and passes it the instance of MyClass that it wants to call the method on.

I hope this helps! Let me know if you have any questions.