The SQL aggregate function SUM()
is an essential concept for anyone working with SQL databases. These aggregate functions perform calculations on a set of values and then return a single value.
Among the options provided in the quiz question, SUM()
is the valid SQL aggregate function. COLLECT()
, COMBINE()
, and CONNECT()
are not valid SQL aggregate functions as they don't exist in SQL syntax.
The SUM()
function serves to sum up all the values within a particular column of a table. This can be invaluable when working with large datasets where you need to add all values in a specific row, like calculating the total sales for a business month or determining total working hours.
Let's take a practical example. Suppose you have a Sales table with the following data:
Sales_ID | Product_ID | Price
1 | A | 10
2 | B | 20
3 | A | 30
4 | B | 40
If you want to find the total Price of all products, you would use the SUM()
function as follows:
SELECT SUM(Price) as Total_Price FROM Sales;
This SQL statement returns the sum of all values under the Price column, which is 100.
While SUM()
is quite straightforward, it's necessary to consider some key points when using it:
SUM()
adds all values in the column, including null values which are considered as zero in this operation.DISTINCT
clause with the SUM()
function to add only distinct values.WHERE
clause in your SQL statement.Understanding how to use SUM()
effectively can help you extract valuable insights from your datasets with ease. It's one of the fundamental tools for data aggregation in SQL, making it a must-learn for working with databases.