How do you know a variable type in java?

You can use the instanceof operator to determine the type of a variable in Java. Here is an example:

Object obj = "hello";
if (obj instanceof String) {
    String str = (String) obj;
    // do something with the string

You can also use the getClass() method of the Object class to get the Class object for the variable, and then use the getName() method of the Class object to get the fully qualified name of the class as a String. For example:

Object obj = "hello";
Class cls = obj.getClass();
String className = cls.getName();
System.out.println(className); // prints "java.lang.String"